There are various types of courses run by army to induct eligible individuals into the officer cadre, including long course & graduate course.

Similarities between long course & graduate course

  1. Both long course & graduate course are regular commission courses of Pakistan army
  2. Both get training in Pakistan Military Academy (PMA) Kakul
  3. Both courses passout as 2nd lieutenant

Difference between long course & graduate course

The major difference between longcourse & graduate course are:

  1. Long course is of 2 years, while graduate course is of 1 year
  2. You can join long course after 12 years of education (FA, FSc, DAE, etc), while for graduate course you need to have a graduation degree
  3. Age limit for long course is 22 years while for graduate course the age limit is 23 years

After passingout, officers of both courses are treated as same and are part of same pool.